Scientists discovered astonishing Southeast Asian exploding ants residing in the trees at the Borneo jungle.
The small, reddish ant was discovered living in the treetops of Borneo by a team including Alice Laciny, an entomologist with the Natural History Museum in Vienna, who described how the ants would detonate themselves to save other members of the colony.
"They are filled with a sticky and toxic defensive secretion". Self-destructive tendencies among some ants were first observed in 1916, but the new report marks the first time since 1935 that a new species has been described, according to a summary by the publishers of the journal.
Ants are capable of incredible prosocial behaviours, such as creating bridges and life rafts out of their bodies, collecting wounded comrades from the battlefield, and even administering medical care.
These ants is known that explode to eliminate the opponent. Such types of the exploding ants are very rare to be found.More news: Natalie Portman Decides Against Israel Honor, Cancels Trip
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The same expedition was used to record the ants' activity schedule and conduct the first experiments on food preferences and exploding behaviour.
While minor workers had the ability to explode, other castes of the species had their own specialties in battle as well.
It's title as a model species is exciting as it means that Colobopsis explodens will serve as an important navigation point for all future research on the group of ants. The new species earned this designation because it's particularly prone to self-sacrifice when threatened (minor workers of this species even blew themselves up when researchers got too close).
But before sacrificing their lives, the larger Colobopsis explodens females try to stop intruders by plugging their flat, perfectly shaped heads into the open doors to their nests. Publications regarding their behaviour, chemical profile, microbiology, anatomy and evolution are now in preparation, say the authors.