To understand Wednesday's spending deal, go back to 2013, when then-President Barack Obama signed a bill that was a series of automatic, across-the-board budget cuts to government agencies, totaling $1.2 trillion over 10 years. There's also $6 billion to combat opioid abuse and improving mental health, and $2 billion for research at the National Institutes of Health.
The day before what would have been another shutdown, Republicans and Democrats struck a 2-year, almost $400 billion budget deal that upon passage will segue into Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell's (R-Ky.) promised DACA debate.
House Democrats have canceled their annual retreat as lawmakers struggle to approve a short-term spending bill to avoid another government shutdown.
The massive budget deal, which includes a stopgap temporary measure to prevent a government shutdown, includes $300 billion for the military.
Disagreement over immigration forced a three-day government shutdown in January.
"I'm not advocating for shutting down the government".
BUT this time there's a key difference: Senate leaders from both sides of the aisle say they might have a budget agreement on their hands. "I feel good about it", House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wisc., told radio host Hugh Hewitt in an interview Thursday morning. On Tuesday, the House passed a partisan bill that would fund government for six weeks - but fund the military through the remainder of fiscal year 2018.
The bill now moves to the House. House Democratic leaders are urging a no vote, meaning Republican leaders can not afford many defections.More news: David Sullivan wants David Moyes in charge for 'many years'
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The deal would cause budget deficits to grow even larger, on top of the effects of the sweeping tax overhaul that lawmakers approved in December.
And some House Democrats may be reluctant to give up their leverage in the immigration fight by agreeing to a budget caps deal without a fix for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program.
Members of the far-right House Freedom Caucus said they need to see details before they take a position.
"I think this proposal ... is absolute proof that the majority is unable to govern", said Rep. Louise Slaughter, the ranking Democrat on the rules committee.
The measure was not expected to get support in the Senate, where the Republican majority needs at least nine Democrats to cross the aisle to reach the required 60 votes.
"There will be things in a final package, some I like, some I don't like", he said.
"All we want is a chance, all we want is an opportunity to address these issues that are important to our communities".
Earlier, Paul, a Republican, delayed the passage of the bill as he was unhappy with the huge increases in spending that the deal would entail.