After 238 cities from North America submitted bids, Amazon announced its short list included three in the vicinity of the U.S. capital Washington, and the Canadian city of Toronto. The President has pressured USA companies to make investment at home.
But the list isn't exactly short.
"Ontario's greatest strength is our people and that's exactly what we communicated directly to Amazon's CEO, Jeff Bezos", said Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne and Minister of Economic Development and Growth Steven Del Duca in a joint statement after news broke of Toronto making the shortlist.
The Mesilla Valley Economic Alliance in Las Cruces and the Border Industrial Association in Santa Teresa, a small residential and large industrial area near El Paso's Upper Valley, submitted a proposal for Amazon's HQ2 to be put in a proposed Santa Teresa/San Jeronimo, Mexico, binational campus named Los Santos. Enfield also submitted a proposal, in partnership with the North Central Connecticut Chamber of Commerce.
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In the run up to the formal proposal deadline, Calgary Economic Development released a series of ads espousing the benefits of opening up Amazon's HQ2 in the city. Amazon also selected Denver, Los Angeles and two Texas cities - Dallas and Austin. From the southeast, Atlanta, Miami and Nashville, Tennessee also made the cut. He would not comment specifically on the tax incentives that were offered in the bid, but said they were "aggressive but not irresponsible". Very competitive process and to be one of twenty to have made it is big news.
"It's hard to say whether all these places are in play or Amazon wanted to encourage continued competition", Kolko said. Amazon has several of its businesses headquartered, here, including its Amazon Web Services, Alexa Internet and Twitch, its live-streaming videogame platform.
"While we are certainly disappointed that we did not make the list, we're not surprised as we knew it was a long shot", Augustine said. Neither did Birmingham, Alabama, which installed giant replicas of Amazon's Dash buttons.
Amazon had stipulated it was seeking to be near a metropolitan area with more than a million people; be within 45 minutes of an global airport; have direct access to mass transit; and be able to expand to as much as 8 million square feet in the next decade. They said inquiries made to Amazon immediately after its original announcement were met with interest.
Other cities in the northeast included Boston, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Raleigh, North Carolina.
The finalists, chosen from among 238 places that applied in October, include New York, Boston and Chicago, the Wall Street Journal reports. A map of the 20 cities in North America where Amazon will consider building a second headquarters. The company says it will name a victor sometime this year.