It was also chose to "invite individual Russian athletes under strict conditions (see below) to the Olympic Winter Games PyeongChang 2018".
To suspend the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) with immediate effect.
In allowing clean athletes to compete, the International Olympic Committee said Tuesday they would do so under the name "Olympic Athlete from Russia" (OAR).
While hewing to the right of clean athletes to compete, Tuesday's decision placed the collective responsibility on the Russian system.
The IOC Executive Board today studied and discussed the findings of the Commission led by the former President of Switzerland, Samuel Schmid, addressing the systematic manipulation of the anti-doping system in Russian Federation.
We applaud today's decision by the International Olympic Committee. In the last month, the IOC's own commission has banned more than 20 Russian athletes from the Olympics for life over doping violations at the 2014 Winter Games that Russia hosted in Sochi.More news: Snow, flurries possible later this week as cold temps settle in
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Athletes may get dispensation to compete by a panel that will consider the athletes' prior drug testing results.
The IOC, at its absolute discretion, will ultimately determine the support staff and officials to be invited from the list. The Olympic anthem will play when Russian athletes earn medals.
Speaking at a press conference after the decision was announced, Schmid said that his commission had not found any evidence that the Kremlin was aware of the doping cover-up, but the International Olympic Committee banned Russia's former sports minister and current head of Russia's national soccer association, Vitaly Mutko, for life from the Olympics, along with his former deputy, Yuri Nagornykh. Athletes in other Summer Olympic sports could compete only if certified by their respective worldwide federations.
"We won't apologize", Pyotr Tolstoy, a leading member of the Russian State Duma, Russia's lower house of legislature, said in remarks broadcast on Channel One, a state-funded television station. Russian Federation will also be marked in the record books as having obtained zero medals during this Games (which, duh).
The former head of Moscow's anti-doping laboratory, Grigory Rodchenkov, who is exiled in the United States, describes an organised doping campaign including at least 15 medallists from the Sochi Olympics, with the close involvement of the sports ministry and Russia's FSB security service, the successor to the KGB.
Neutral flag (also called white) - this is the flag of the Olympic games with five rings.