Peru, who last played at the World Cup in 1982, became the final side to seal their spot when they beat New Zealand 2-0 over a two-legged play-off.
If Peru were to be removed from the competitions, FIFA hold the right to choose whichever nation to take their place, with World Cup regulations explaining: "If any association withdraws or is excluded from the competition, the FIFA Organising Committee shall decide on the matter at its sole discretion and take whatever action is deemed necessary".
As the All Whites were eliminated by Peru, it would appear they would have a better chance of being the team selected.
According to Peruvian newspaper Libero, Congresswoman Paloma Noceda wants the Institute of Sport to control the Peru football association - something FIFA has a very strong stance on.
FIFA takes a notoriously uncompromising stance on government involvement in football, banning Kenya from global play in 2006 after its government dissolved the Kenya Football Federation - with FIFA presidential delegate Jerome Champagne calling it a violation of FIFA statutes on "the independence of the election and appointment of national football governing bodies".More news: Donald Trump Golfs with Tiger Woods, Dustin Johnson
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"I don't read any meaning to the new rankings".
FIFA has a very strong stance on governments taking control of football associations and could go as far as the extreme approach and exclude Peru from the World Cup in Russian Federation. Chile finished sixth in South American qualifying, behind Peru on goal difference.
Due to Federation Internationale de Football Association rules stating no more than 13 European nations can enter a World Cup, they and New Zealand would appear to have a better chance than Italy or the Netherlands.
Peruvian officials are due in Moscow next week for the World Cup draw.