The tipping point for tipple is lower than you might think, they explain: Even less than a drink a day could up your risk of cancer, and prolonged heavy use is especially unsafe, according to the statement.
In fact, consumption of alcohol is responsible for more than five per cent of cancer and cancer deaths worldwide.
According to the study, even moderate drinking was associated with increased risks for oesophageal, mouth, voice box, liver, colorectal and breast cancers.
The group would also like to see the elimination of what's known as pinkwashing - when companies use pink on their bottles and cans, often in October for Breast Cancer Awareness Month - to boost alcohol sales.
Nearly 6 percent of cancer deaths can be attributed to alcohol use.
Their findings show just 38 per cent of people are limiting their alcohol intake to reduce their risk of cancer.More news: EA to acquire Titanfall developer Respawn Entertainment
More news: Google solved the problem burnable display Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL
More news: US Aircraft Carriers to Start Joint Exercise in Western Pacific
The risk for heavy drinkers - defined as eight or more drinks a week for women and 15 or more a week for men, including binge drinkers - are multiples higher.
While moderate consumption also poses risks, abusing alcohol is much more unsafe. A more recent I.A.R.C. report concluded that alcohol "is a cause of cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, colorectum, liver and female breast".
Johnson says the survey has helped to establish what Americans know and believe about cancer and therefore where efforts need to be focused in order to conquer cancer: "It is clear there are many important gaps we need to address - from educating the public about cancer prevention, to confronting high treatment costs, to investing in cancer research that is vital to improving patients' outcomes in the future".
"The story of alcohol has been quite consistent and has been peeled away like an onion over time, and we're continuing to learn more about the mechanisms involved", Dr. Gapstur said. And if you don't drink, don't start.
Alcohol does not affect each part of the body in the same carcinogenic way. The formation of acetaldehyde starts when alcohol comes in contact with bacteria in the mouth, which may explain the link between alcohol and cancers of the throat, voice box and esophagus, she suggested. The objective of the paper, says corresponding author and University of Wisconsin oncologist Noelle LoConte, is to educate doctors, the public and cancer patients.
"That puts some weight behind this", she said. Alcohol use can also delay or negatively impact on cancer treatment and oncologists are identifying strategies that can help patients reduce their alcohol intake.