The Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Tuesday said almost 300 Rohingya villages have been torched in Myanmar since the current spate of violence began in late August.
Faced with wide worldwide condemnation over the exodus of half a million Rohingya people, mostly to neighbouring Bangladesh, Myanmar's military finally succumbed to growing pressure and ordered an internal probe into the conduct of its military vis-à-vis this minority Muslim group.
"Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya women, men and children have been the victims of a widespread and systematic attack, amounting to crimes against humanity", said the AI report, also mentioning the fact that crimes against humanity perpetrated against the Rohingya include murder, deportation and forcible displacement, torture, rape, persecution based on ethnic and religious grounds, including through burning of houses, and other inhumane acts, such as denying food and other life-saving provisions.
Among nearly two dozen recommendations, the human rights group called for the U.N. Security Council to impose a comprehensive arms embargo on Myanmar and financial sanctions against senior officials responsible for violations that Amnesty says meet the criteria for crimes against humanity.
A new wave of up to 15 thousand Rohingya refugees have crossed the border from their homes in Myanmar to seek refuge in the makeshift camps inside Bangladesh. Many told relief workers they had walked for a week to reach Bangladesh after their villages were set on fire.More news: Trump dropped 92 spots on Forbes' list of wealthiest Americans
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Tensions have escalated into violence in Myanmar's northern Rakhine state.
It said the council should explore options for bringing the perpetrators to justice under global law if Myanmar authorities do not act swiftly. The line of refugees stretches for a few kilometers. Several said that they were stopped by Bangladeshi border guards and spent the night in muddy rice fields.
Around 60 per cent of the Rohingya refugees were children, according to data from Unicef, which warned that it will be forced to cut back the aid it provides them if it does not receive fresh contributions soon to respond to this emergency. UNICEF said it has received just 7 percent of the $76 million it needs.
The western region descended into chaos when Rohingya militants attacked Myanmar police posts on Aug 25, triggering the brutal military crackdown.
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein has called the situation "a textbook example of ethnic cleansing", but he has not used the word genocide.