"We will renew the American spirit itself and rekindle our belief that America can accomplish anything", Pence, the chairman of the council, said during his speech at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Va.
It was the first meeting of the National Space Council, revived after it was disbanded in 1993.
Pence said re-committing to space exploration is vital for the nation's economy and security, and he praised President Trump for spearheading what he billed as a renewed effort to ensure American dominance on the final frontier.
The president, Pence said, has "declared to all the world that America will lead in space once again".
The council consists of professionals from various sectors of the space industry, including the Civil Commercial and National Security Sector.
"We have proven that USA ventures in space lead to broad societal benefits that lift our national economy", said Hewson. From there, we will turn our attention back toward our celestial neighbors. "We will return Americans to the moon ... and build the foundation we need to send Americans to Mars and beyond".More news: Saudi Aramco not discussing taking stake in Novatek's Arctic LNG
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After talking about how "we will blaze new trails into that great frontier" Pence turned the discussion to the dangers of space and how much of the USA intelligence system and day-to-day life are dependent on commercial satellites operating safely.
Several NASA Twitter accounts tweeted quotes and videos from the event.
It's a return to the vision of President George W. Bush, which was deferred when President Obama reoriented the space agency toward a journey to Mars. Pence's speech as well as the meeting happened while two USA astronauts conducts a space walk from the ISS some 250 miles above the surface of the Earth.
In a panel on commercial spaceflight, SpaceX President Gwynne Shotwell described her companies development of reusable rockets and spacecraft, including the Big Falcon Rocket and Big Falcon Spaceship, which the company plans to use to transport people to the moon and Mars.
This seems to clearly be a reference to innovative rocket design and reusability coming from new space companies such as SpaceX and Blue Origin. "With the upcoming budget process, we will look to solidify this work with our new goals in place", NASA's acting administrator, Robert Lightfoot said in a statement.