In a session Sunday, 240 lawmakers voted for the bill, with only one abstention, to confront "America's terrorist and adventurous actions" in the region.
Iran's parliament approved the first step of a bill to boost Tehran's missile program spending, on Sunday.
The legislative move by Iran follows US President Donald Trump's signing of a sanctions bill on Russia, Iran and North Korea on August 2.
Chants of "Death to America" broke out as the bill was passed, according to the country's state broadcaster IRIB.
In a defiant response to new U.S. sanctions against Tehran, Iran's parliament approved a bill to strengthen its missile program.More news: Complete shutdown in Kashmir over attempts to repeal special status provision
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Washington and European countries that negotiated the Iran nuclear deal have called the missile tests violations of the spirit of the 2015 accord, but not its letter.
He said Iran has many devices at its disposal apart from the nuclear agreement to confront the United States.
Araqchi said the government of President Hassan Rohani would support the bill which must now pass a second vote before being submitted to a clerical body for final approval and passage into law. The 27-article draft was endorsed after it was brought forward in Parliament by the National Security and Foreign Policy Commission in July.
The legislation is a reaction to a bill ratified recently in the US Senate allowing Washington to impose non-nuclear sanctions against Iran's missile program and its Revolutionary Guard (IRGC) force.
To counter U.S. economic sanctions, the government has been ordered to provide a comprehensive plan on expanding economic cooperation with world countries, especially Iran's neighbors and friends as well as the countries which have likewise been subject to Washington's embargoes.